What a fascinating photo !
Not in nest boxes, but sometimes in natural colonies that I have moved.
And only one or two I think.
I think you will find details of such a scenario in Prys-Jones & Corbet’s book, Bumblebees; and in Dave Gouls0n’s A Sting in the Tale.
PS. An Edited Update of my original comments.
Just because a colony has dead queens in it doesn’t necessarily mean that they have all come from attempted supersedure of the resident queen.
A colony can also run out of food / foragers once new queens have been produced, but before they have mated and hibernated. In such circumstances you might find several dead queens in the box which have nothing to do with supersedure. And I guess these would look fresh, with unworn wings and fur.